Dan Michaels, DPM, says that neutral running shoes should be the default choice for most runners; that is, unless you have a known musculoskeletal issue that would require extra support. Generally, the two main types of shoes are stability and neutral running shoes. When in doubt, you may want to start with a neutral shoe.
“Stability shoes are designed to provide added arch support,” says Dr. Michaels. “This can be achieved by adding material in the arch of the shoe as well as building up the thickness of the heel to further lift and support the arch. A neutral shoe has less added arch support and the heel is even throughout, not thicker in one area over another. Generally, therefore, a neutral shoe is lighter weight than a stability shoe.”